Select a Specie
Description: A massive stout trunk with a vey showy domed canopy with dense palmate leaves of bright silver-blue green leaves. Visually striking with great symmetry, works magnificent with darker green contrasting colors in the landscape. This palm may reach heights of 50-60 ft with a spread of 20 ft or more.
Origin: Bismarckia nobilis is native to the island of Madagascar.
Characteristics: This palm seems to thrive in many kinds of soils, while growing and establishing itself it will require watering which helps improve the trunk thickness along with a good palm fertilizer. Prefers full sun although it works in partial shade conditions. Once it is established this palm is drought tolerant. This palm is not as susceptible to disease and nutritional deficiencies as many other palm species.
USDA Zones 10-11. Will tolerate some frost conditions for a very short period of time; however you can expect damage from freezing temperatures.
Description: Their stumpy fat-bellied trunks present a very human scale that is likely at home in a smaller landscape setting that can offer a most unique sculpture in the selected space. This almost dwarf palm can grow with time to a height of 10-12 ft. The trunk is a rounded bulge in young specimens and gradually elongates and flattens somewhat as the palm matures. The upwardly arching feather leaves grow to about 10 ft in length in mature palms. They grow upward as they mature supporting numerous male and female small white flowers on the same stalk. This palm is ideal to plant under groupings of larger plant species as it accepts very well partial sun condition.
Origin: Hyophorbe lagenicaulis is from Round Island, a tiny speck of land in the Indian Ocean which is part of the Mascarene Island group.
Characteristics: The bottle palm can adapt in many soil types as long as they are well drained; requires fertilization if not grown in rich soil. Although will thrive in full sun with proper moisture and fertilization, it prefers partly shaded areas for best results.
USDA Zones 10-11. This is a tender palm and although can be damaged by frost conditions, we have seen it do quite well in our south Florida winters.
Canary Island Date Palm
Description: Majestic and imposing, the Canary Island date palm provides a statement of importance to any landscape setting with a highly elegant Mediterranean ambiance. Mature specimens can grow up to 60' tall with a thick hulking trunk reflecting a diamond design pattern which is the result of the once attached leaves. A huge crown of over 50 arching pinnate leaves that may reach up to 18' long adorn the top of its heavy trunk. The leaves are usually a deep green fading to a deep yellow/orange stem where the leaflets are replaced by very sharp vicious spines.
Origin: Native to the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean just off the northwest coast of Africa. The Palm grows in all seven islands that make up this volcanic archipelago known as the Canary Islands; from desert conditions to almost a lush tropical setting it seems to thrive very well throughout all of the islands there.
Characteristics: This is a very slow growing palm specially when young, once they are establish and well taken care of the growth rate seems to accelerate somewhat. Does best with full sun conditions; prefers well drained soils. Young palms are very susceptible to leaf spot and other fungus infections when grown in humid climates. Adult palms are drought resistant; however, young palms must be watered regularly for a healthy look and faster growth.
USDA Zones 8b-11 Frost tolerant.
Cuban Royal Palm
Description: A massive, symmetrical, vertical statement unachievable with any other palm from a design standpoint. When placed in a linear setting these giant columns of nature seem to define a road with a tremendous sense of direction or wide avenue like no other as it seems to dwarf most activities in the horizontal plane. When planted in a circle or any enclosed geometric pattern it defines the seemingly enclosed volume with a true sense of importance to the space it graces. It is uniquely effective in evening settings when the smooth light gray trunks are lighted by special up-light fixtures that reflect its magnificent dominance of the landscape. The pinnate leaves have 8"-12" leaflets that are arranged in rows along its 10'-14' length in a bright deep green presentation. Its canopy is composed of 15-20 leaves that sit atop the crown shaft that sometimes appears glossy in nature.
Origin: Cuba. Imported into Florida in great numbers during the 20's and 30's the Cuban Royal Palm is most often the species encountered in our region.
Characteristics: The trunk of the Cuban Royal Palm is swollen at the base while it constricts about halfway up and then bulges again just below the crown shaft creating a dramatic profile. Thrives in full sun, and while not particular about the soil it is planted in it does require adequate amounts of water until it has fully established itself. Once established in its setting it will tolerate both flooding as well as drought. Mature trees can grow to 120 ft. These palms do extremely well under hurricane conditions losing the majority of its leaves but staying upright and intact where it was planted. Will survive short periods of cold spells down to 25 F if short in duration.
USDA Zones 10-11.
Date Palm (Medjool)
Description: A triumphal exhibition with its upright pinnate leaves, the Phoenix dactylifera unlike many dubbed "date palm" truly is an authentic producer of dates. Its natural tendency is be multi-trunk; however, when trimmed to a single trunked tree it can reach heights of 100 feet. The large greenish or bluish gray pinnate leaves are typically 18-20 ft. long by 2 ft. wide. The dates consist of a large pointed seed surrounded by sweet sugary flesh that is formed from flowers on 4 ft inflorescences that emerge from among the leaves in spring. Male and female flowers grow on separate plants, only the female plants produce dates and only if a male tree is nearby. The dates that it produces are far better quality when grown in hot arid climates, when grown in humid tropical climates like Florida the fruits tend to be of low quality often dropping from the tree before ripening.
Origin: The date palm is native to the North African region. Throughout history the people of North Africa and the Middle East have depended on its dates as a source of food. Through this long period of cultivation for its fruit a selective process has occurred whereby high quality distinct varieties are grown commercially in these areas exclusively for its fruits.
Characteristics: A slow grower, not necessarily particular about soil conditions, however, will perform best with regular water and proper fertilization. Needs full sun conditions to do well, shade conditions in humid tropical zones with produce fungus on trunk which can be controlled with proper maintenance.
USDA Zones 8b-11 Frost tolerant.
King Sago (Japanese Sago Palm)
Description: A magnificent accent plant to the smaller scale spaces in the landscape. This is a very symmetrical plant with very well defined shiny dark green leaves on a shaggy trunk can grow up to 10-12 ft in height. This is a very slow growing plant possibly requiring up to 50 years before it arrives at this state height. Although called a palm it actually belongs to the cycad plant family, several varieties of these plants dominated the landscape during the Mesozoic era over 150 million years ago. In mature in mature plants the reproductive structures format the center of the rosette; the male is a yellow cone that grows 12-18 inches; on the female the cone is a globe shaped yellow structure in which scale like leaves cover the bright orange seeds that are about 1.5 inches in diameter.
Origin: The sago palm is native to Japan's southernmost islands. Widely used throughout the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico and most all over Florida. It is widely seen in the moderate weather regions of California.
Characteristics: Prefers sandy or fast draining soils combined with some organic soil matter. Enjoys bright light to full sun conditions, however, it also can handle full shade with no ill effect. It is susceptible to scale and leaf spot disease. Drought resistant when mature, however, must have good moisture for continue growth.
USDA Zones 8-10. Hardy as it can take down to 15 F degrees
Description: A very ornate and decorative palm which lends itself to a smaller scale in the landscape. Unlike its cousin the bottle palm the Spindle Palm has a much more straight edge trunk when young and only after it matures does the center actually begin to swollen and narrows at both ends to form the "spindle" shape it gets its name from. It has a bright green, waxy crownshaft which is also swollen at its base; the crown consists of 6-10 pinnate leaves which arch outward forming a 'V' shape. The spindle palm with time can grow up to 20 in height.
Origin: Hyophorbe verschaffeltii is native to the Mascarene Islands, specifically Rodriguez Island where it is unfortunately threatened with extinction.
Characteristics: The spindle palm can adapt in many soil types with proper moisture year round, it is susceptible to lethal yellowing disease. Proper care in fertilization will be helpful, particularly providing potassium and magnesium. Prefers full sun conditions.
USDA Zones 10b-11. Will tolerate cold weather for short period of time.
Sylvester Date Palm Tree
Description: A more compact appearance or presence than the larger dactylifera nevertheless offers that same elegant Mediterranean appearance and flair. The leaf stem remains on trunk and when properly cut can be quite decorative and artistically pleasing. Leaves are 10-15 ft long with silver or blue-green color. This palm requires some maintenance trimming of old dead leaves that tend to make a skirt motif around the trunk which usually measures no more than 13-18 inches in diameter. The Sylvester palm produces small white flowers supported by 2-3 ft long branching inflorescence coming from among the leaves; flowers are followed by oval fruits 1" in diameter which turn purple-black when ripe. Fruits are edible and have a sweet taste with a single seed inside.
Origin: It is native to India.
Characteristics: A faster grower than other date palms, moderate watering required for best results. This palm can withstand drought for a short period of time, for optimum results it grows best in moist but well drained soils. Although it does best in full sun conditions it will perform with partial shade conditions as well. Will tolerate cold spells in short periods down to 20 F.
USDA Zones 8b-11 Frost tolerant.
Description: A unique canopy of silver-blue green feather leaves which present themselves with grace and elegance in the landscape. The bulging frond base grows to form a very distinct 3 sided triangle shape that gives bases for its common name. The tall and upright leaves are up to 12 ft long with a solitary trunk that can grow up to 25 ft although seldom seen at that height. These fronds are held upright at about 45-degree angle to the trunk giving this palm the grand and noble look it is sought after by many.
Origin: Neodypsis Decaryi is native to the island of Madagascar.
Characteristics: It is not particular about soil types; can grow in smaller than usual planting areas as long as it receives adequate moisture with well drained soil. It is not susceptible to pests or diseases. Once established it can tolerate very limited cooler temperatures in the winter months.
USDA Zones 10b-11.